What are the most common causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD)?

The majority of cases of CKD are caused by diabetes and high blood pressure. Other common causes include polycystic kidney disease, glomerulonephritis, obstructive uropathy and renovascular disease.

  • Polycystic Kidney Disease – a genetic disease that causes numerous cysts to form on the kidney causing damage
  • Glomerulonephritis – damage to the glomerulus, the functioning unit of the kidney, which is responsible for filtering waste products and fluids
  • Obstructive Uropathy – the flow of urine is blocked, leading to a backup that causes damage to one or both of the kidneys
  • Renovascular disease – narrowing or blockage of the renal arteries or veins that causes decreased blood flow and damages the kidneys.